Baseball Pitching Velocity Training

In this episode of the @TopVelocity #PitchingTips Show V2 I answer the questions below:

  1. Do you feel that retraction of the elbow helps delay the upper torso helping also staying closed longer? Versus a very long looping disconnected hand.
  2. How do I get rid of bicep pain every time I throw it starts throbbing and I'm a pitcher.

Scap Loading and Trunk Delay: Understanding the Interconnection

In the realm of baseball pitching mechanics, numerous factors contribute to a triumphant and forceful throw. One element that has garnered significant attention is the interrelationship between scap loading and trunk delay. This article delves into the influence of scap loading on trunk delay and its profound significance in augmenting pitching performance. Let us embark on this enlightening journey!

Unveiling Scap Loading and Trunk Delay

Scap loading refers to the motion of retracting the elbow and delicately pinching the scapula (shoulder blade) together. It represents a pivotal movement in baseball pitching as it engenders heightened trunk rotation, thereby setting the stage for a potent throw. On the contrary, trunk delay entails the capacity to defer the rotation of the upper torso during the pitching motion.

The Interplay between Scap Loading and Trunk Delay

Extensive research has demonstrated that postponing trunk rotation until the moment the front foot strikes the ground can yield improved pitching performance. By attaining a closed and counter-rotated position of the upper torso, pitchers can maximize the span of time available to accelerate forces towards the ball. Picture a jet on a lengthy runway—it possesses ample time to gather speed before taking off. Analogously, delaying the trunk rotation grants pitchers an elongated duration to generate force and effectively transmit it to the ball.

Scap Loading and Trunk Delay: An Intricate Equilibrium

While scap loading can aid in trunk delay, it is essential to recognize that the power generated by the trunk supersedes that of the arm. Even if a pitcher endeavors to maximize scap loading, an airborne trunk can nullify its benefits. Instead, maintaining a contralateral posture assumes a significant role in delaying the trunk rotation. By engaging the glove side of the body and propelling the back hip explosively ahead of the trunk, pitchers can prevent premature trunk rotation.

Comprehending the Role of Scap Loading

So, what exactly does scap loading accomplish? Primarily, it facilitates trunk rotation rather than directly contributing to trunk delay. Let us illustrate this with an example. Suppose a pitcher merely cocks their arm without incorporating scap loading, which results in alignment between the elbow and shoulder. In such a scenario, when the turning motion is initiated, the elbow might surpass or precede the trunk, thereby limiting the extent of trunk rotation. However, by incorporating scap loading during the cocking phase—pulling the elbow back and engaging the scapula—a slight delay in the arm's movement is achieved. Consequently, the trunk can rotate fully before the release of the ball.

The Functionality of Scap Loading

The horizontal abduction or scap loading movement facilitates trunk rotation by granting pitchers the ability to achieve complete trunk rotation before the arm initiates its throwing motion. The significance of this movement lies in optimizing the transfer of energy. For instance, when a pitcher retracts their arm during the throwing motion, it enables the trunk to move further forward. This progression is pivotal since studies indicate that approximately 86 percent of the energy released in a pitch emanates from the trunk. By allowing ample time for acceleration through rotation and forward trunk movement, pitchers can potentially harness more energy, leading to heightened velocity and reduced stress on the arm.

Addressing Bicep Pain in Pitchers

Transitioning to a distinct topic, let us address a common concern among pitchers—bicep pain. Many pitchers endure throbbing bicep pain after throwing, which can hinder their performance and cause discomfort. While the precise location of the pain may vary, the bicep muscle often emerges as the culprit, whether it is in the lower arm, shoulder, or elsewhere.

Understanding Bicep Fatigue and Wear and Tear

The bicep muscles play a pivotal role in decelerating the arm during the pitching motion. They assist in preventing the elbow from straying off course and aid in guiding the arm around the body. Consequently, the bicep muscles experience considerable strain, resulting in wear and tear. To address this issue, three primary approaches can be adopted:

1. Throwing Volume Management: Implementing appropriate rest and recovery periods is paramount for reducing wear and tear. By effectively programming throwing volume and utilizing valuable tools, such as those offered by, pitchers can optimize their throwing routines, avoid overexertion, and minimize the risk of injury.

2. Refinement of Mechanics: Biomechanics play a vital role in preventing excessive stress on the bicep muscles. Pitchers with rotational tendencies may experience heightened strain on the bicep due to the centrifugal forces acting on the arm. By emphasizing more linear mechanics, pitchers can alleviate stress on the bicep and enhance their overall throwing efficiency.

3. Enhancing Physical Fitness: Strengthening the bicep muscles through targeted exercises is indispensable for mitigating fatigue. Contrary to the misconception that pitchers should avoid curls and extensions, these exercises prove beneficial for maintaining strength and resilience. Renowned velocity programs, such as the comprehensive training regimens provided by, cater to the specific needs of pitchers throughout their careers.


To conclude, comprehending the interconnection between scap loading and trunk delay assumes paramount significance in optimizing baseball pitching performance. While scap loading facilitates trunk rotation and indirectly contributes to trunk delay, it is imperative to uphold proper mechanics and contralateral positioning to prevent premature trunk rotation. Furthermore, addressing bicep pain and fatigue through appropriate throwing volume management, refined mechanics, and targeted strength training can aid pitchers in alleviating discomfort and enhancing their longevity in the sport.


Understand Your Specific Bio-mechanics and throw harder

In conclusion, if you aspire to elevate your pitching prowess, the 3x Pitching Velocity Program presents itself as the pathway to triumph. By enrolling in this esteemed camp, you shall acquire a profound comprehension of the fundamental biomechanical principles that possess the capacity to substantially augment your performance on the pitching mound. From attaining mastery in scap loading to unlocking a myriad of biomechanical advantages, this program provides a comprehensive and time-tested methodology to amplify your pitching velocity. Refrain from letting go of this extraordinary opportunity to revolutionize your pitching style and propel yourself towards unparalleled triumph on the field. Enlist in the 3x Pitching Velocity Program today and unleash the true potential within you as a preeminent pitcher.

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